Category Archives: Methods

Improving the measurement of Neighborhood Physical Disorder

Neighborhood audit methods (AKA Systematic Social Observation) are often used to create measures of neighborhood built and social environments.  But even with the enhanced efficiency of virtual neighborhood audit methods using CANVAS-Street View, it is generally not possible to collect … Continue reading

Posted in CANVAS, Methods, Street View, Tools | Leave a comment

Newly Funded Work on Pedestrian Injury

We have recently been funded by NIH to conduct a four-year study of how urban design, the locations of alcohol selling establishments, night life districts and locations of services for the homeless influence pedestrian fatality risk.  We will be conducting … Continue reading

Posted in Active Transport, CANVAS, Economic Development, Methods, Pedestrian Injury, Safety, Street View, Tools, Urban Design, Walkability | Leave a comment

Measuring Neighborhood Walkability across Communities in the U.S. Over the Past Three Decades

The evidence on links between neighborhood walkability and physical activity and body mass index remains limited because there have been few longitudinal studies with repeated measures of neighborhood walkability and health behavior and outcomes.  While large cohort studies with long-term … Continue reading

Posted in Accelerometers, Active Transport, Adults, Methods, Physical Activity, Urban Design, Walkability | Leave a comment

How and where patterns of activity among older adults change over time

At BEH, we’re interested in how your residential neighborhood affects how physically active you are. But we’ve come to understand that being active as not just one thing and not merely a matter of expending calories. That is, walking is … Continue reading

Posted in Adults, Methods, Physical Activity, Physical Disorder | Leave a comment

Commandments for Variable Naming and Data Management

As we launched another multifaceted geographic data linkage study our multi-institution team, that includes researchers at Drexel University, Columbia University and the University of Washington, has developed a set of commandments to streamline and harmonize our data management, variable naming … Continue reading

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Steve Mooney receives Poster Award at Epidemiology Congress of the Americas 2016

Steve Mooney, a recently minted PhD who did his doctoral work with the BEH group, won a best poster presentation award at the 2016 Epidemiology Congress of the Americas for his work on the Neighborhood Environment-Wide Association Study design. Dr. … Continue reading

Posted in Methods, Physical Activity, Social Determinants, Urban Design | Leave a comment

Can Big Data get us Better Estimates of Neighborhood Disorder?

At the Built Environment and Health group, we try hard to measure neighborhood characteristics accurately. We systematically audit Street View imagery, we use LiDAR scans to assess tree canopy, and we use business registration records to profile neighborhood retail. A … Continue reading

Posted in Methods, Physical Disorder, Street View | Leave a comment

Maintaining Human Subject’s Protections in Neighborhood Health Effects Research

We recently published a commentary in the American Journal of Public Health describing the concerns we have for protecting study subject anonymity with the use of online geographic and data tools in neighborhood health effects research.  Examples of neighborhood data available … Continue reading

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Strategies to Refine Annual Business Establishment Data across More than Two Decades

Analyses of place and health have been largely cross-sectional, and new challenges are faced as we wrangle longitudinal geographic data.  Our group just published a manuscript detailing our work to clean and code data on all NYC metropolitan area businesses … Continue reading

Posted in Economic Development, Food Environment, Methods | Leave a comment

CDC Releases New Built Environment Assessment Tool

The CDC released a new direct systematic observation data collection instrument for measuring the core features and quality of the built environment related to behaviors that affect health, especially behaviors such as walking, biking, and other types of physical activity.  The … Continue reading

Posted in Community Needs Assessment, Methods, Walkability | Leave a comment