Author Archives: Built Environment and Health

Registry Data in Injury Research: Study Designs and Interpretation

We recently published a paper in Current Epidemiology Reports on the use of registry data in injury epidemiology. Injury data are frequently captured in registries that form a census of 100% of known cases that meet specified inclusion criteria. We … Continue reading

Posted in Injury, Methods, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Higher Neighborhood Walkability is Associated with a Lower Risk of Gestational Diabetes

Continuing our partnership with the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene to study how urban built environments influence health during pregnancy we recently published research showing that higher neighborhood walkability is associated with lower risk of gestational diabetes.  Gestational … Continue reading

Posted in Active Transport, Adults, Childhood, Diabetes, Urban Design, Walkability | Leave a comment

Yoosun Park wins 2023 Frank R. Breul Memorial Prize

Our own Yoosun Park, and co-author Michael Reisch, were just awarded the 2023 Frank R. Breul Memorial Prize for their article “To ‘Elevate, Humanize, Christianize, Americanize’: Social Work, White Supremacy, and the Americanization Movement, 1880–1930,” which appears in the December … Continue reading

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Machine Learning Approaches for Measuring Neighborhood Environments in Epidemiologic Studies

We recently published a review article in Current Epidemiology Reports describing the use of machine learning to measure neighborhood environments in epidemiologic studies. Innovations in information technology, initiatives by local governments to share administrative data, and growing inventories of data … Continue reading

Posted in Methods, Street View | Leave a comment

The Evolution of Disparities in Spatial Access to Social Services in the U.S., 1990 to 2014

To address patient’s unmet social needs and improve health outcomes, health systems have developed programs to refer patients in need to social service agencies. However, the capacity to respond to patient referrals varies tremendously across communities. To understand how disparities … Continue reading

Posted in Economic Development, Health Care Access, Social Determinants, Socioeconomic status, Transportation | Leave a comment

Higher Neighborhood Walkability is Associated with a Lower Risk of Excessive Weight Gain During Pregnancy

In partnership with the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene we have been studying how neighborhood environments influence health during pregnancy and birth outcomes, with recent work focusing on weight gain during pregnancy.   In 2009, the Institute of Medicine … Continue reading

Posted in Active Transport, Adults, Childhood, Healthy Pregnancies, Physical Activity, Urban Design, Walkability | 1 Comment

Maintaining patient privacy while geocoding patient addresses: Do Not Use R to Geocode

Imagine if a clinical researcher were to disclose a list of patient addresses to a third-party – government agency, for profit company or not-for-profit entity – that was outside of their hospital or health system. Imagine the researcher then publicly … Continue reading

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Neighborhood Walkability and Body Mass Index among African American Cancer Survivors

Increasingly, health care systems are becoming stakeholders in urban design and infrastructure planning processes, and are considering how neighborhood environments can support the health of communities and patient populations within health system catchment areas. To this end, health systems are: … Continue reading

Posted in Adults, Cancer Survivors, Urban Design, Walkability | Leave a comment

Improving the measurement of Neighborhood Physical Disorder

Neighborhood audit methods (AKA Systematic Social Observation) are often used to create measures of neighborhood built and social environments.  But even with the enhanced efficiency of virtual neighborhood audit methods using CANVAS-Street View, it is generally not possible to collect … Continue reading

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Newly Funded Work on Pedestrian Injury

We have recently been funded by NIH to conduct a four-year study of how urban design, the locations of alcohol selling establishments, night life districts and locations of services for the homeless influence pedestrian fatality risk.  We will be conducting … Continue reading

Posted in Active Transport, CANVAS, Economic Development, Methods, Pedestrian Injury, Safety, Street View, Tools, Urban Design, Walkability | Leave a comment